Beyond the Umwelt

Beyond the Umwelt

Animals in the same ecosystem pick up on different environmental signals. In the blind and deaf world of the tick, the important signals are temperature and the odor of butyric acid. For the black ghost knifefish, it’s electrical fields. For the echolocating...
Advanced Rodents with Space Helmets

Advanced Rodents with Space Helmets

Although I can learn some things fast, I’ve often felt frustrated that I can’t learn fundamental deeper things faster. I feel like there is some sort of shell around my brain preventing me from seeing and comprehending what I need to in order to make the...
Clocks and Clouds

Clocks and Clouds

Karl Popper, the great philosopher of science, once divided the world into two categories: clocks and clouds. Clocks are neat, orderly systems that can be solved through reduction; clouds are an epistemic mess, “highly irregular, disorderly, and more or less...