Steve Reich is one of the originators of “phase” music. One of my favorite elements in music is transformation.
Transformation can be interesting transitions, or subtle continuous shifts in pattern. This piece, Sextet, contains both.
A fun lively piece called Lollapalooza by John Adams
Certainly you can do conscious learning faster – just do more, more often, more intensely. Of cousre, that may or may not be valuable, may or may not add up to more knowledge – depends on how you go about it. Maybe your automatic mind quietly weakens it or dismantles it, or prevents you from.